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Ribosome Mini Models
Ribosome Mini Models
Large and Small Ribosome Mini Models


 
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Starting at: $232.00

Grade Levels
High School
Undergraduate

Warnings
Choking Hazard
Science Education Product
California Proposition 65



Availability: Please allow 4 weeks for production and shipping.
Product Code: RIBOSOME

Click to view Large and Small Ribosomes

Large and Small Ribosomes*:
70S Ribosome $308
Pair $450
50S Ribosome $272
30S Ribosome $232

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Description Contents Teacher Resources
 

Large (50S) and Small (30S) Subunits

The bacterial ribosome is a protein/RNA complex that functions in protein translation. Single-stranded mRNA feeds into the ribosome complex, where each 3-base codon is matched to its tRNA anticodons, and subsequent amino acids are strung together into a peptide chain. The 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was shared among Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas Steitz, and Ada Yonath. All three had a part in determining the structure and function of the ribosome.

The large subunit (50S) of our Ribosome Mini Model emphasizes the single adenosine base (yellow) that catalyzes peptide bond formation during protein synthesis. The large subunit is a protein-RNA complex composed of 34 proteins and 2 rRNAs (23S and 5S). Different RNA domains are displayed in spacefill format in cyan, magenta, pink, yellow, green, gray and red. The RNA folds into this specific 3-D structure, with the proteins (white spacefill format) serving as the mortar between the folds of ribosomal RNAs. The newly synthesized protein exits the ribosome through a visible channel that extends from the catalytic adenosine to the surface of the ribosome.

The small subunit of the bacterial ribosome is a protein-rRNA complex composed of 21 proteins and a single RNA (16S). It folds into a specific 3-D structure and is stabilized by associated proteins. Different RNA domains are displayed in spacefill format in blue, magenta, red, yellow, and orange. Ribosomal proteins, also in spacefill format, are white. Each of the three tRNAs are displayed in spacefill format and colored a different shade of green.

70S Ribosome

This 3-D structure shows the 2 subunits of the bacterial ribosome (30S and 50S) in the functional 70S ribosome. In the bound 70S conformation, the 3’-ends of the tRNAs are immediately adjacent to the catalytic adenosine in the large subunit. Different RNA domains are displayed in spacefill format and are many different colors (magenta, yellow, light green, cyan, gray, dark blue, and red-orange). Ribosomal proteins are displayed in spacefill format and are white. Each of the 3 tRNAs are displayed in spacefill format and are different shades of green.

Single-stranded mRNA feeds into the ribosome complex, where each 3-nucleotide codon is matched to its tRNA anticodon, and those corresponding amino acids are joined together into a peptide chain. The 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was shared among Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas Steitz, and Ada Yonath. All 3 had a part in determining the structure and function of the ribosome.

The physical models of 3DMD’s individual 30S and 50S subunits cannot be assembled into the 70S complex, due to the static nature of the physical models.

These are 4'' models made of plaster by rapid prototyping and should be handled with care. Mini models will break if dropped, held tightly or handled roughly. The 30S Ribosome Mini Model's PDB file is 1GIX.pdb. The 50S Ribosome Mini Model's PDB file is 1FFK.pdb. The 70S Ribosome Mini Model's PDB file is 2WDK.pdb


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